Through the late 15th and early 16th centuries, European missionaries and explorers spread Catholicism to the Americas, Asia, Africa and Oceania. Pope Alexander VI, in the papal bull Inter caetera, awarded colonial rights over most of the newly discovered lands to Spain and Portugal.
Who was responsible for the spread of Christianity in Rome?
During the reign of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great (AD 306–337), Christianity began to transition to the dominant religion of the Roman Empire.
Who leads Roman Catholicism?
Pope: The Bishop of Rome and the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church, and the traditional successor to Saint Peter, to whom Jesus is supposed to have given the keys of Heaven, naming him as the “rock” upon which the church would be built.
What society created the spread of Catholicism?
In Rome, the Society of Jesus—a Roman Catholic missionary organization—receives its charter from Pope Paul III. The Jesuit order played an important role in the Counter-Reformation and eventually succeeded in converting millions around the world to Catholicism.
What caused Christianity to spread?
Ehrman attributes the rapid spread of Christianity to five factors: (1) the promise of salvation and eternal life for everyone was an attractive alternative to Roman religions; (2) stories of miracles and healings purportedly showed that the one Christian God was more powerful than the many Roman gods; (3) Christianity …
Who helped Christianity spread?
After Jesus, the two most significant figures in Christianity are the apostles Peter and Paul/Saul. Paul, in particular, takes a leading role in spreading the teachings of Jesus to Gentiles (non Jews) in the Roman Empire.
How did Catholicism spread?
Nevertheless, Roman Catholicism expanded throughout the world during the Age of Exploration. Explorers and settlers brought Catholic beliefs to the New World. Spanish, Portuguese and French missionaries set up churches and colonized areas in North and South America.
Did Peter start the Catholic Church?
In a tradition of the early Church, Peter is said to have founded the Church in Rome with Paul, served as its bishop, authored two epistles, and then met martyrdom there along with Paul.
Where did Catholicism start?
Explanation: The first effort to stop the spread of protestantism was to declare the effort to reform the Catholic Church a heresy. … In 1408 The Catholic Church declared the Lollards heretics and encouraged their persecutions, loss of wealth and even death. By 1438 the Lollard movement was dead.
How did Christianity spread to the Americas?
Christianity was introduced to North America as it was colonized by Europeans beginning in the 16th and 17th centuries. … Today most Christians in the United States are Mainline Protestant, Evangelical, or Roman Catholic.
Who started the Jesuit order?
St. Ignatius created the religious order of men in the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century. Ignatius and his friends – all of them students at the University of Paris – committed themselves to establishing the Society of Jesus in Montmartre in 1534.
How did Christianity spread in Rome?
Christianity was spread through the Roman Empire by the early followers of Jesus. … Christianity gained adherents among both Jews and non-Jews, bringing them together with a message of unity before God.
What caused Christianity to spread through Europe?
Beginning in the Middle East, Christianity began its spread north and west into Europe, carried by merchants, missionaries, and soldiers. … As a result, in 313, the Edict of Milan was passed, which guaranteed freedom of religion throughout the Roman Empire, ending the persecution of Christians.
What factors contributed to the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire quizlet?
Christianity spread quickly through the Roman empire because Peter and Paul began to preach it to the pagans. Emporer Constantine allowed Christians to come out of their catacombs and build churches and cemeteries. Later, Emporer Theodosis makes Christianity the official religion of Rome.