What are the parts of a church building?

What are the parts of a church building called?

The nave is the main part of the church where the congregation (the people who come to worship) sit. The aisles are the sides of the church which may run along the side of the nave. The transept, if there is one, is an area which crosses the nave near the top of the church. … People in the church sit facing the altar.

What are the features of a church building?

Features of churches

  • the altar – a table where the bread and wine are blessed during the Eucharist.
  • the lectern – a stand where the Bible is read from.
  • the pulpit – where the priest delivers sermons.
  • a crucifix – a cross with Jesus on.

What is the most important part of a church building?

The east wall location was originally chosen as it is the most holy part of the church – this is because the sun rises in the east and it was seen as symbolic of the resurrection . The altar is where the priest celebrates the Eucharist, or Holy Communion .

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Whats the main part of a church called?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What are the four parts of the church?

The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.

How would you describe a church architecture?

Though church architecture has taken on many forms and levels of complexity over time, core elements are all still present today. Some of these architectural components include the steeple, portals, apse, and buttresses. Also included are components of style such as crosses and stained glass.

What are the external features of a church?

Exterior

  • Apse. A semicircular recess covered with a hemispherical vault at the east end. …
  • Arcade. A passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns.
  • Architrave. …
  • Archivolt, ornamental molding or band following the curve on the underside of an arch. …
  • Baptistery. …
  • Bell tower. …
  • Buttress. …
  • Chapel.

What is church pulpit?

pulpit, in Western church architecture, an elevated and enclosed platform from which the sermon is delivered during a service.

What are the significant places and buildings in Christianity?

Jerusalem – where Jesus preached, was crucified and rose from the dead. Bethlehem – where Jesus was born. Lourdes – a place where St Bernadette had visions of Jesus’ mother, Mary. Rome – home of the Roman Catholic church.

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What things are inside a church?

Terms in this set (42)

  • altar. the table where the sacrifice of the Mass takes place and the bread and wine are turned into the Body and Blood of Christ.
  • Sanctuary Lamp. …
  • credence table. …
  • pulpit/ambo. …
  • sacristy. …
  • candles. …
  • tabernacle. …
  • crucifix.

What is the altar in a church?

altar, in religion, a raised structure or place that is used for sacrifice, worship, or prayer.

What is the roof of a church called?

A pointed cone shape on top of a building is called a spire, especially when it rises from the roof of a church. The part of a church roof that rises above a city skyline or a village’s rolling hills, pointing sharply up toward the sky, is its spire. Many church spires have a cross at the very top.