Who believed all humans are equal before God?

Since then, other social movements have built upon Luther’s ideals of spiritual equality. In the 19th century, the American anti-slavery movement, for example, emphasized spiritual equality of everyone before God, not just white Christians.

Who believed that all people with faith were equal?

Quakers rejected elaborate religious ceremonies, didn’t have official clergy and believed in spiritual equality for men and women. Quaker missionaries first arrived in America in the mid-1650s. Quakers, who practice pacifism, played a key role in both the abolitionist and women’s rights movements.

Who believed the Bible was the ultimate authority?

Martin Luther Questions the Catholic Church

Augustine (340–430) had emphasized the primacy of the Bible rather than Church officials as the ultimate religious authority. He also believed that humans could not reach salvation by their own acts, but that only God could bestow salvation by his divine grace.

Who believed faith revealed by living a righteous life?

C – The Reformation (40 questions)

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A B
Whose beliefs included: predestination, faith revealed by living a righteous life, and work ethic? John Calvin
Who made himself the head of the national church in England? King Henry VIII
Who took over the land and wealth of the Roman Catholic Church in England? King Henry VIII

How did Martin Luther challenged the church?

On 31 October 1517, he published his ’95 Theses’, attacking papal abuses and the sale of indulgences. Luther had come to believe that Christians are saved through faith and not through their own efforts. This turned him against many of the major teachings of the Catholic Church.

What is John Locke’s religion?

Some scholars have seen Locke’s political convictions as being based from his religious beliefs. Locke’s religious trajectory began in Calvinist trinitarianism, but by the time of the Reflections (1695) Locke was advocating not just Socinian views on tolerance but also Socinian Christology.

Who are Quakers and what do they believe?

Quakerism is a religious movement begun by George Fox in the 17th century. Quakers believe that all people have access to the inner light of direct communion with God. They believe in the spiritual equality of all people, pacifism, consensus, and simplicity.

What did Martin Luther do for Christianity?

Martin Luther, a 16th-century monk and theologian, was one of the most significant figures in Christian history. His beliefs helped birth the Reformation—which would give rise to Protestantism as the third major force within Christendom, alongside Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy.

What were the 3 main ideas of Martin Luther?

Terms in this set (6)

  • Luther’s main ideal 1. Salvation by faith alone.
  • Luther’s main ideal 2. The bible is the only authority.
  • Luther’s main ideal 3. The priesthood of all believers.
  • Salvation by faith alone. Faith in god was the only way of salvation.
  • The bible is the only authority. …
  • The priesthood of all believers.
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What did Lutherans believe?

Lutherans believe that humans are saved from their sins by God’s grace alone (Sola Gratia), through faith alone (Sola Fide), on the basis of Scripture alone (Sola Scriptura). Orthodox Lutheran theology holds that God made the world, including humanity, perfect, holy and sinless.

What does Martin Luther say about justification?

Luther’s central claim is that faith alone justifies (that is, makes a person righteous in the eyes of God) the one who believes in Christ as a result of hearing the gospel. This faith affects the imputation of Christ’s righteousness that covers the sins of the believer.

Why did Martin Luther believe in faith alone?

“That is why faith alone makes someone just and fulfills the law,” said Luther. … Thus faith, for Luther, is a gift from God, and “. . .a living, bold trust in God’s grace, so certain of God’s favor that it would risk death a thousand times trusting in it.”

What was Protestant Reformation?

The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement that swept through Europe in the 1500s. It resulted in the creation of a branch of Christianity called Protestantism, a name used collectively to refer to the many religious groups that separated from the Roman Catholic Church due to differences in doctrine.

What did the pope do to Luther?

In January 1521, Pope Leo X excommunicated Luther. Three months later, Luther was called to defend his beliefs before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms, where he was famously defiant. For his refusal to recant his writings, the emperor declared him an outlaw and a heretic.

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Did Luther believe in purgatory?

Luther wrote in Question No. 211 in his expanded Small Catechism: “We should pray for ourselves and for all other people, even for our enemies, but not for the souls of the dead.” Luther, after he stopped believing in purgatory around 1530, openly affirmed the doctrine of soul sleep.