The biretta (Latin: biretum, birretum) is a square cap with three or four peaks or horns, sometimes surmounted by a tuft. Traditionally the three-peaked biretta is worn by Catholic clergy and some Anglican and Lutheran clergy.
What is a Catholic priest hat called?
biretta, stiff square hat with three or four rounded ridges, worn by Roman Catholic, some Anglican, and some European Lutheran clergy for both liturgical and nonliturgical functions. A tassel is often attached. The colour designates the wearer’s rank: red for cardinals, purple for bishops, and black for priests.
What do you call the thing that priests wear?
cassock, long garment worn by Roman Catholic and other clergy both as ordinary dress and under liturgical garments. The cassock, with button closure, has long sleeves and fits the body closely.
What does a Catholic cardinal wear on his head?
Cardinals primarily wear one of three different types. The most basic hat is a skullcap called the zucchetto (pl. zucchetti), which is a simple round hat that looks like a beanie or yarmulke. Next is the collapsible biretta, a taller, square-ridged cap with three peaks on top.
What is the purpose of a Maniple?
The maniple was originally a cloth used by Roman high society to dry moisture from the hands and face during oppressive summer heat and to wipe the mouth after eating. Servants used it to assure the cleanliness of vessels used at meals. It was carried in the hand or tied to the left arm when not needed.
Why do priests wear hoods?
Non-Eucharistic vestments are typically referred to as “choir dress” or “choir habit” in the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican churches, because they are worn for the chanting of the Daily Office, which, in the West, takes place in the choir rather than the sanctuary.
What is a priest collar called?
Worn by priests around the world, the clerical collar is a narrow, stiff, and upright white collar that fastens at the back.
What is a surplice in the Catholic Church?
surplice, white outer vestment worn by clergymen, acolytes, choristers, or other participants in Roman Catholic and in Anglican, Lutheran, and other Protestant religious services. It is a loose garment, usually with full sleeves.
What is the difference between a stole and a chasuble?
In the Latin Catholic tradition the stole is the vestment that marks recipients of Holy Orders. … For the celebration of the Mass, the principal celebrant as well as concelebrants wear the stole over the alb but under the chasuble. Likewise, the deacon wears the stole over the alb but under the dalmatic.
What do priests wear under their robes?
The inner cassock is usually worn by all clergy members under their liturgical vestments.
What is on the pope’s head?
Mitre, a high liturgical headdress made of plain white silk (Mitre Simplex) or highly decorated (Mitre Pretiosa) Zucchetto, a small skullcap worn by clerics.
Does the Pope wear a yamaka?
The pope customarily wears a white zucchetto to match his white cassock. The most common Anglican design can be similar to the Catholic zucchetto or, far more often, similar to the Jewish yarmulke. A form of the zucchetto is worn by Anglican bishops and is used approximately like that of the Catholic Church.
What is the name of the hat the bishop wears?
mitre, also spelled miter, liturgical headdress worn by Roman Catholic bishops and abbots and some Anglican and Lutheran bishops. It has two shield-shaped stiffened halves that face the front and back. Two fringed streamers, known as lappets, hang from the back.
What does a maniple look like?
maniple, in early Christianity, narrow silk band worn over the left forearm, with ends hanging down on each side, and formerly used by clergy when celebrating or assisting at mass. It was about two to four inches wide and three to five feet long.
What is a Fiddleback chasuble?
Fiddleback chasuble, a Catholic liturgical vestment. Fiddleback spider, a colloquial name for the brown recluse spider. Fiddleback, a particular grain of maple wood used for musical instruments.
Does the bishop wear a maniple?
When used, the maniple is worn by a priest only when vested in a chasuble for celebrating Mass. A bishop celebrating a (Tridentine) Low Mass assumes the maniple only after the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar. … The maniple is a vestment not only of the Roman Rite, but also of most of the other Latin liturgical rites.